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Template documentation (for the above template, sometimes hidden or invisible)


Usage

{{Multicol}} is used to start a multi-column section of a page. Between each block of column text insert {{Multicol-break}} and close the last column with {{Multicol-end}}. For example:

{{Multicol}}
This text appears in the first column.
{{Multicol-break}}
This text appears in the second column.
{{Multicol-break}}
This text appears in the third column.
{{Multicol-end}}

Provides this format:

This text appears in the first column.

This text appears in the second column.

This text appears in the third column.

You can have any number of columns. Each column will be the same width, equally dividing the available horizontal space. Each column has a small right margin (1.5 em), creating a "gutter" that prevents text in one column from touching text in the column to its right.

Parameters

This template has two optional positional parameters: the overall width of the set of columns (default 100%), and the width of the gutter between columns (default 1.5em. There are also three optional keyword parameters: indent=3em increases the left margin by 3em. valign=bottom causes column text to be aligned at the bottom of the section rather than the top, which is the default. colspan=2<tt> causes this column to take two column-widths of space rather than 1.

For example, to create a multi-column section that is only 50% the width of the page, gutter 2em, and indented 4em:

{{Multicol|50%|2em|indent=4em}}
This text appears in the first column.
{{Multicol-break|2em}}
This text appears in the second column.
{{Multicol-break|2em}}
This text appears in the third column.
{{Multicol-end}}

Provides this format:

This text appears in the first column.

This text appears in the second column.

This text appears in the third column.

The multi-column region is always positioned on the left side of the containing block. To change this, place the above Wikitext in a <tt>DIV block that has the CSS attribute text-align set to either center or right, like this:

<div style="text-align:center;">
{{Multicol|50%}}
...
{{Multicol-end}}
</div>

To maintain the same column widths, and start a new section, beginning in column 1, use the {{Multicol-section}} template. This is useful for putting "headlines" over the columns, which may span multiple colums. Here's an example of this:

{{multicol||3em|indent=3em|valign=bottom|colspan=2}}
<center><big><big>Two-column headline</big></big></center><hr style="width:100%; height:2px; border:0px; background-color:black">
{{multicol-break|3em|colspan=3}}
<center><big><big>Three-column headline</big></big></center><hr style="width:100%; height:2px; border:0px; background-color:black">
{{multicol-break|colspan=1}}
<center><big><big>One-column headline</big></big></center><hr style="width:100%; height:2px; border:0px; background-color:black">
{{multicol-section}}
This is the text that goes in column 1.
{{multicol-break|3em}}
This is the text that goes in column 2, still under the first headline.  I give it a double-wide (3em) gutter so that it separates from the columns for the next headline.
{{multicol-break}}
This is the text that goes in column 3, which is the first of three columns under the second headline.
{{multicol-break}}
This is the text that goes in column 4.
{{multicol-break|3em}}
This is the text that goes in column 5.  Like column 2, I give it a double-wide gutter to separate it from the last headline.
{{multicol-break}}
This is the text that goes in column 6.
{{multicol-end}}

Provides this format:

Two-column headline

Three-column headline

One-column headline

This is the text that goes in column 1.

This is the text that goes in column 2, still under the first headline. I give it a double-wide (3em) gutter so that it separates from the columns for the next headline.

This is the text that goes in column 3, which is the first of three columns under the second headline.

This is the text that goes in column 4.

This is the text that goes in column 5. Like column 2, I give it a double-wide gutter to separate it from the last headline.

This is the text that goes in column 6.

Usage notes

Fixed width columns
If you specify the total width in {{multicol|<width>}} or let it default, then the columns will be fixed-width, which is most useful for text. If you specify a null width, using {{multicol|<width>}}, then the columns will be variable width, which is most useful for tables of information.

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